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Want to be Happy in 2017? Get Off Facebook.

Facebook may be making you miserable. If you are aiming to feel more satisfied in 2017, it may be time to log off of the world’s most popular social network.

“[I]t was demonstrated that taking a break from Facebook has positive effects on the two dimensions of well-being: our life satisfaction increases and our emotions become more positive. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that these effects were significantly greater for heavy Facebook users, passive Facebook users, and users who tend to envy others on Facebook.”p1

This is according to The Facebook Experiment: Quitting Facebook Leads to Higher Levels of Well-Being, an article recently published in the journal Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. The article builds on a late 2015 study in Denmark conducted by The Happiness Research Institute where half of the participants quit Facebook for a week. The study found causal evidence that Facebook use can negatively affect our wellbeing.

Are you feeling envious?

The big issue with Facebook use is that it offers endless opportunities for social comparison. It turns out that seeing countless exotic vacation photos and reading about the career accomplishments of your friends and acquaintances may make you feel worse about your current status.

Social comparison theory states that “we determine our own social and personal worth based on how we stack up against others. As a result, we are constantly making self and other evaluations across a variety of domains (for example, attractiveness, wealth, intelligence, and success).”

The Danish study found that the week off from Facebook provided the greatest benefit for three types of users:

  1. Heavy Facebook users
  2. People who passively use Facebook (mindlessly scrolling, instead of more intentional use)
  3. Users prone to envy

“If one is a heavy Facebook user, one should use Facebook less to increase one’s well-being. And if one tends to feel envy when on Facebook, one should avoid browsing the sections (or specific friends) on Facebook causing this envy. And if one uses Facebook passively, one should reduce this kind of behavior.”

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In 2011, two Boston psychologists wanted to explore what motivates us to use Facebook. They found that:

Facebook use is motivated by two primary needs: (1) the need to belong and (2) the need for self-presentation. Demographic and cultural factors contribute to the need to belong, whereas neuroticism, narcissism, shyness, self-esteem and self-worth contribute to the need for self-presentation.

While there are clear underlying desires (belonging, affirmation) to motivate us towards using Facebook, it seems illogical that users who feel worse after being on Facebook would continue to log in. What is happening?

Forecasting error

How we set out to use Facebook may not always be how we actually act when logged in. Affective Forecasting is the term for predicting how we will feel in the future, which is highly relevant to our Facebook use. It feels good to connect with friends, and Facebook provides this ultimate gateway. The problem is that once we go through the gate, we do less connecting and more social comparison.

Facebook is the ultimate hack: it taps into intense human desires and continues to grow even when many its users report reduced wellbeing after being on the social network. Facebook benefits from our inability to properly forecast how we will use it.

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New Year’s Resolutions are all about starting the year off right, feeling better, and being more productive. If you are the type of person who gets sucked into social comparison, 2017 may be the year you logged off. As a bonus, you will gain over 300 hours of time.

This article was originally published by Bigthink, Read Original Article

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Shocking News Mysterious signals from space Astronomers believe are from ALIENS

Astronomers research suggests we have intercepted messages transmit by aliens from beyond our solar system. A paper entitled “Discovery of peculiar periodic spectral modulations in a small fraction of solar type stars” published in the journal Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific has concluded signal picked up coming from 234 star systems are “likely to be caused intellectual life rather than something natural”

Astronomers analyzed data from 2.5 million stars earlier than finding the 234 anomalies which could not otherwise be explain. Professor Stephen Hawking and his Breakthrough Listen project will now examine further the signals to sees if they really do come from alien intelligent life forms. The statement said: “We find that the detect signals have exactly the form of an space intelligence (ETI) signal predicted in the previous publication and are consequently in agreement with this hypothesis. The fact that they are only found in a very small fraction of stars within a thin spectral range centered near the spectral type of the sun is also in agreement with the ETI hypothesis.”

internationally agreed upon protocol for search for proof of advanced life beyond Earth (SETI) require candidates to be confirmed by independent group using their own telescopes, and for all natural explanation to be exhausted before invoking space agents as an explanation.

 

“Careful work must be undertaken to decide false positive rates, to rule out natural and helpful explanation, and most importantly, to confirm detections using two or more independent telescopes.”

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Black Holes Mysteriously-Align

Deep radio imaging by researchers at the University of Cape city (UCT) &  University of the Western Cape (UWC) in South Africa has exposed that supermassive black holes in a region of the distant space are all spinning out radio jets in the same direction — most likely a effect of primordial mass fluctuations in the early universe.

The new result is the detection for the first time of an alignment of jets of galaxies over a great volume of space, a finding made likely by a three-year deep radio imaging survey of the radio waves coming from a region called ELAIS-N1 using the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT).

The jets are shaped by the supermassive black holes at the centers of these galaxies, and the only way for this alignment to exist is if supermassive black holes are all spinning in the similar direction, said Andrew Russ Taylor, joint UWC/UCT SKA chair, manager of the recently-launched Inter-University Institute for Data concentrated Astronomy, and principal author of the study published in the Monthly notice of the Royal Astronomical Society.

Since these black holes don’t recognize about each other, or have any way of exchange information or influencing each other straight over such vast scales, this spin alignment must have occurred during the formation of the galaxies in the early space,” Taylor noted.

This implies that there is a coherent spin in the arrangement of this volume of space that was formed from the primordial mass fluctuations that seeded the formation of the large-scale structure of the space.

With Preshanth Jagannathan from UCT, the team exposed the alignment after the initial picture had been made. Within the large-scale structure, there were regions where the spin axes of galaxies lined up.

The finding wasn’t planned for. The initial investigation was to travel around the faintest radio source in the universe, using the best available telescopes — a first view into the type of universe that will be revealed by the South African MeerKAT radio telescope and the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) — the world’s most influential radio telescope and one of the biggest scientific instruments ever devise.

Earlier observational studies had before detected deviations from uniformity (so-called isotropy) in the orientations of galaxies. But these sensitive radio images offer a opening opportunity to use jets to reveal alignments of galaxies on physical scales of up to 100 Mpc. And measurements from the totality intensity radio emission of galaxy jets have the advantage of not being pretentious by effects such as dispersion, extinction, and Faraday rotation, which may be an issue for other studies.

The presence of alignments and sure preferred orientations can shed light on the orientation and evolution of the galaxies, in relation to large-scale structure, and the motion in the primordial matter fluctuations that gave rise to the structure of the space.

So what could these large-scale ecological influences during galaxy formation or evolution have been? There are several option: cosmic magnetic fields; fields associated with exotic particles (axions); and cosmic strings are only some of the possible candidates that could make an alignment in galaxies even on scales better than galaxy clusters.

The authors go on to note it would be interesting to compare this with predictions of rangy momentum structure from space simulations.

Romeel Dave from UWC, who leads a group developing plans for universe simulations that could explore the expansion of large-scale structure from a theoretical perspective, agrees: “This is not obviously expected based on our current understanding of cosmology. It’s a bizarre result.”

It’s a mystery, and it’s going to take a while for skill and theory alike to catch up.

Such projects are previously in the planning stages — the SKA for example, and its precursor telescopes, the South African MeerKAT array & the Australian SKA Pathfinder (ASKAP).

“GMRT is one of the largest and the majority sensitive radio telescope arrays in the world,” said Taylor, “but we really need MeerKAT to make the very sensitive maps, over a very great area and with great detail, that will be necessary to differentiate between possible explanations. It opens up a whole new research area for these instrument. It’s going to be an exciting time to be an astronomer.”

A large-scale spin distribution has not at all been predicted by theories — and an unknown phenomenon like this presents a challenge that theories about the origins of the universe require to account for and an opportunity to find out extra about the way the cosmos works.

“We’re start to understand how the large-scale structure of the universe come about, starting from the Big Bang and growing as a effect of disturbances in the early universe, to what we have today,” said Taylor, “and that helps us discover what the space of tomorrow will be like.”

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Watch Scientists find out Quasar That Emits Jets success 18 Trillion Degrees

Despite their name, black holes can in fact light up the sky with huge bursts of radiation that shine brighter than all the surrounding stars. Astronomers consider these jets come from a ring of hot material about the black hole, called a quasar.
3C We’ve always thought there was a bound to how bright these jets could shine, and consequently how much heat they could create. As the electrons inside the jet would heat up to over 170 billion degrees Fahrenheit, the jet would create X-rays and gamma rays, which would interact with every other and then cool down the emissions.
“This result is extremely challenging to explain with our present understanding of how relativistic jets of quasars radiate,” astronomer Yuri Kovalev said in a declaration.
Scientists are motionless pretty shocked, and the team will need to do more study to figure out just how the quasar got so hot without cooling down. Luckily, they have some impressive skill on their side.
The team credit these results to interferometry, which occurs when multiple telescopes are linked together to get well resolution of a distant object. Specifically, the side used a radio space telescope linked to several ground telescopes. They’re jointly called RadioAstron, and when they’re linked together, it’s equivalent to using a telescope the size of eight Earth diameter. Their resolution is about 1,000 times better than the Hubble Space Telescope.

Thanks to this highly-detailed view, researchers actually exposed something else about 3C 272. It had previously unidentified visible distortions to its substructure, as seen from Earth, caused by peering through the interstellar medium in our possess Milky Way.

As our telescopic technology continues to improves, who know what we might discover next

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New Research Is Earth being Contacted by ALIENS? Mystery Radio Signals Upcoming from Sun-Like Star Baffle Scientists

A spike in radio signal upcoming from the direction of a sun-like star has excited Scientists.

The signals show to be originating from a star known as HD 164595 in the collection Hercules, around 95 light years left.

Scientists suggest they are likely to be the answer of a natural phenomenon, such as ‘microlensing’, in which the star’s gravity.Strengthens and focuses signal from elsewhere. But Scientists have as well ask Seti (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) to get a nearer look at whether they could be a

Message from ET. SETI will track HD 164595 using the Allen Telescope Array in northern California and the Boquete Optical SETI Observatory in Panama.According to a report by Paul Gilster at Centauri Dreams, the sign was 1st detect on May 15 last year by the RATAN-600 radio telescope in Zelenchukskaya, Russia. HD 164595 is excite to scientists because

It is similar to our own sun and has at least one ‘warm Neptune’ planet in orbit. Its standard temperature is 12 Kelvin hotter and it is approximately 100 million years younger than our star. Scientists say there may at rest be other planets hidden around HD 164595. ‘No one is claiming that this is the work of a space civilisation, but it is certainly worth further learn,’ writes Gilster. Working out the power of the signal, the Scientists say that if it came from an isotropic beacon, it would be of a authority achievable only for a Kardashev Type II civilisation.’ If it were a thin beam signal focused on our solar system, it would be of a power obtainable to a Kardashev Type I civilisation.’ The Kardashev scale is a way of gauge an alien society’s technological growth based upon how a great deal energy it has at its disposal. A Type I civilisation is agreed to species who have been able to connect all the energy that is obtainable from a nearby star, convention and storing it to meet its population’s demands. AType II civilization is much more developed and can harness the authority of their whole star. Type III is a species that has been clever to master force in all its forms. Earth doesn’t feature on the scale. ‘This is a bit of a mystifying story, as the Russians establish this signal a year ago or so, but now didn’t let others know,’ Seth Shostak, senior Scientitsts at the SETI organization told GeekWire. ‘That’s not good rule, as what you actually want is verification at another telescope, but… Is it real? ‘The sign may be genuine, but I suspect it’s not ET. There are other possibilities for a wide-band signal such as this, and they’re caused by natural source (or even terrestrial interference).’ The Scientists who found the signals at the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Special Astrophysical Observatory say ‘permanent monitoring’ of HD 164595 is required.

The signal will be talk about at next month’s International Astronautical Congress person held in Mexico.

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Scientists new Research Made Lasers out of Human Blood

Researchers have developed a blood laser, using human blood and a fluorescent dye called indocyanine green (ICG), and it could help doctors investigate for tumours in the body.

So how does this latest ‘blood laser’ work? To make a laser, all you require is a source of light, an amplifying material, and a insightful cavity. Researchers from the University of Michigan used an FDA-approved dye called ICG, and varied it with the blood to play the role of the amplifier.

“Without blood, presently ICG, it doesn’t work at every,” one of the researchers, Xudong Fan, told Jacob Aron at New Scientist.

Once you have your cavity, an amplifying material, and basis of light, your laser is in business.

As Jennifer Ouellette explain for Gizmodo, once you zap the medium with light or electricity, it boosts the atoms to higher power levels, known as an ‘excited’ state.

“Then photons are pumped into the cavity. If one strikes an keyed up atom, that atom will drop back down to its ground state, release a second photon of the same frequency and way,” she says.

Eventually, these carry on striking other energised atoms, release more protons until they create a burst of laser light.

When Fan and his group placed the blood and ICG in a reflective cylinder, and shot at with a near-infrared light beam, the blood emit light, creating a potential new technique for doctors use to look for for tumours.

Because ICG accumulates in blood vessels, areas with big amounts of blood vessels, like tumours, should light up like a Christmas tree.

The technique would just involve injecting the ICG into the patient, and shining a light beam at the skin, while checking an infrared camera for the glow.

The blood laser has yet to be experienced in live animal tissue, because they have to figure out what will play the role of the deep cavity. But Fan says that gold nanoparticles could be useful for the job.

“Finally, we are trying to do it in the human body,” he told New Scientist, adding that they require to figure out how to ensure that the light produced by the blood laser isn’t too strong.

“You don’t want to burn the tissue,” he said.

Blood isn’t still the only strange material that’s been used to create lasers – back in 2011, a different collection of researchers used a living kidney cell to amplify the light, and in the 1970s, two scientists even made a laser using jelly.

If they can help us locate and diagnose cancer extra efficiently, we’re all for it.

This truly wonderful Video 3-Minute Animation Will Change Your Perception Of Time

  1. Everybody knows that Earth is old, but it’s quite hard to put into perception presently how old it is. In the end, what does 4.5 billion years *in fact* mean?

    How do you still grasp that amount of time with our short-term human brains? Well, Business Insider has lastly done a pretty unbelievable job of it in this 3-minute simulation, by presentation the timeline of Earth if time was the distance from Los Angeles to latest York. And, oh boy, our world-view will never ever be the same.

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Stephen Hawking says he has figured out how to escape a black hole

Matter that falls into a black hole is gone forever, right? Well not quite, says Stephen Hawking. Stephen Hawking told this at a public lecture in Stockholm, Sweden, just yesterday. He also said “If you feel you are in a black hole, don’t give up. There’s a way out.” You possibly know that black holes are stars that have shrunken under their own strong gravity, generating gravitational forces so powerful that even light can’t escape. Anything that falls inside is believed to be torn apart by the immense gravity, never to been seen or heard from again ever. What you may not know is that physicists have been arguing for 40 years about what happens to the information about the physical state of those objects once they fall in.

According to quantum mechanics this information cannot be destroyed, but Einstein’s theory general relativity says it has to be – that’s why this disagreement is recognized as the information paradox. Now according to Hawking this information never makes it inside the black hole in the first place. Hawking, just yesterday, said “I propose that the information is stored not in the interior of the black hole as one might expect, but on its boundary, the event horizon,”  Hawking is proposing that the information about particles fleeting through is interpreted into a type of hologram – a 2D depiction of a 3D object – that sits on the surface of the event horizon.

Hawking also said “The idea is the super translations are a hologram of the ingoing particles.

Thus they contain all the information that would otherwise be lost.” So the main question is how does that help something escape from the immense gravity of black hole? In the 1970s Hawking presented the idea of Hawking radiation – photons produced by black holes due to quantum fluctuations. In the beginning he said that this radiation carried no information from inside the black hole, but in 2004 he changed his mind and proposed that it could be probable for information to get out.

One thing to be mentioned here is that how this escape of information works is still a mystery, but Hawking now thinks he’s solved it. His new theory is that Hawking radiation can carry some of the information stowed on the event horizon as it is produced, providing a way for it to escape. But don’t think getting a message from inside, he said. “The information about ingoing particles is returned, but in a chaotic and useless form. This resolves the information paradox. For all practical purposes, the information is lost.”

Hawking also said “The idea is the super translations are a hologram of the ingoing particles.

Thus they contain all the information that would otherwise be lost.” So the main question is how does that help something escape from the immense gravity of black hole? In the 1970s Hawking presented the idea of Hawking radiation – photons produced by black holes due to quantum fluctuations. In the beginning he said that this radiation carried no information from inside the black hole, but in 2004 he changed his mind and proposed that it could be probable for information to get out.

One thing to be mentioned here is that how this escape of information works is still a mystery, but Hawking now thinks he’s solved it. His new theory is that Hawking radiation can carry some of the information stowed on the event horizon as it is produced, providing a way for it to escape. But don’t think getting a message from inside, he said. “The information about ingoing particles is returned, but in a chaotic and useless form. This resolves the information paradox. For all practical purposes, the information is lost.”

Sabine Hossenfelder of the Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics in Stockholm, who was present in Hawking’s lecture, said “He is saying that the information is there twice already from the very beginning, so it’s never destroyed in the black hole to begin with,” she says. “At least that’s what I understood.”

More explanation is expected later today when one of Hawking’s coworkers Malcom Perry expands on the notion, and Hawking and his associates say they will also issue a paper on the work in upcoming month, but it’s obvious he is aiming for the idea that black holes are inescapable. It’s even probable information could escape into parallel universes, hawking told the audience yesterday.Hawking said “The message of this lecture is that black holes ain’t as black as they are painted. They are not the eternal prisons they were once thought. Things can get out of a black hole both on the outside and possibly come out in another universe.”

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Marijuana Contains “Alien DNA” From Outside Of Our Solar System, NASA Clear Detail

It’s a Top news, shocking, yet amazing, and amusing to the world. But unfortunately, it has nothing to do with aliens stoners melding with Earth’s plants. But, since you’re currently reading, you’ll roughly definitely be worried about this research that looked into the click and sharing behavior of social media users reading pleased (or not) and then sharing it on social media.

I have notice long ago that more than a few of our followers will happily like, share and present an opinion on an article – all with no ever reading it. We’re not the merely ones to notice this. Last April, NPR shared an article on their Facebook page which asked “Why doesn’t America interpret anymore?” The story, of course, is that there was no article. They waited to see if their followers would weigh in with an view without clicking the link, and they weren’t disappointed.

We’ve been hoping for a possibility to try it ourselves, and this seemed like the ideal opportunity. Yackler had some fun with the same article and manage to fool a group of people.

A collection of computer scientists at Columbia University and the French National organization looked into a dataset of over 2.8 million online reports articles that were shared via Twitter. The learn found that up to 59 percent of links shared on Twitter have never in fact been clicked by that person’s followers, suggesting that social media users are additional into sharing content than actually clicking on and interpretation it.

“People are additional willing to share an article than read it,” the study’s co-author Arnaud Legout said in a statement, Washington Post information. “This is typical of modern in order consumption. People form an opinion base on a summary, or a summary of summaries, without creation the effort to go deeper.”

This learn looks into the psychology behind what make people want to share content. Research conducted by The New York Times Customer Insight Group look into what motivates citizens to share information. presently under half of the citizens asked in the survey said they share information on social media to inform people and to “enrich” those around them. Conversely, they found 68 percent share to reinforce and plan a certain image of themselves – in a sense, to “define” themselves.

In the words of one member from the study: “I try to share only information that will strengthen the image I’d like to present: thoughtful, logical, kind, interested and fervent about certain things.”

It also raises the question of whether online media is presently a massive “echo chamber”, where we all presently like pages and viewpoints that strengthen our own beliefs and are not interested in information for the sake of information. Even the algorithms of social media sites denote that persons or pages that you tend to click on, like, or share – which are the majority often the articles or viewpoints that you agree with – will more frequently turn up on your News Feed.

As a user of online media, you’re almost certainly quite aware of this.

Take a look at any comment on social media pages, counting those, of course, on the IFL Science Facebook page. It’s particularly obvious on the more “emotive” and controversial of subjects; think climate modify, GMOs, vaccinations, aliens, and a lot of our articles on marijuana, where the top comments often repeat or question amazing that is fairly clearly in the article, but not the headline.

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NASA Revealed Alarming Truth About Alien Life on Mars

NASA has been in fact busy on Mars lately. In the previous couple of years our total views about Mars changed radically: from a empty planet believed to be dry and dead, today we see Mars as the next top thing close to Earth. Abrubtly, all and sundry loves Mars, and everybody is talking about the red planet. But what do NASA researchers say about the red planet?

There is water… liquid water on Mars!

Not extended ago, NASA researchers at previous confessed that the red planet had real rivers of flowing water on its outside. According to Lujdendra Ojha, planetary researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology who completed the finding using pictures from NASA’s MRO, the red planet has liquid water on the surface. This ruling changed everything we thought about the red planet. And all of a unexpected the likelihood of Alien life anywhere on the red planet is not that far away.

“Mars is not the dry, arid planet that we supposed of in the past … [and] liquid water has been discovered on Mars.” – James Green, NASA manager of planetary sciences

Yes it is very probable that somewhere on Mars, there is extraterrestrial life – All options are open.

“The likelihood of life in the interior of Mars has forever been very high. There’s certainly water somewhere in the coating of Mars … It’s very likely, I think, that there is life anywhere in the crust of Mars.” – Alfred McEwen, Principal Investigator, HiRISE, University of Arizona (30:25)

There are thousands that think that Mars is really an inhabited planet today. Many people consider that even though life as we know it would discover it almost improbable to survive on the surface of Mars, perhaps somehow somewhere on the red planet, life situated under the harsh soil of Mars could have survived.

The mere detail that researchers proclaimed there is liquid water on Mars create everyone think about little green Martian people walking about. Even though that might not be the case… precisely… it’s likely and not improbable that microorganisms can live on Mars.

“There were never any multi-celled life forms, animals or plants. The myths of canal on Mars will forever remain that.” Added Mr. Dartnell.

A Huge Ocean enclosed one-fifth of the red planet’s surface

In addition to the information that scientists have now exposed liquid water graceful on the surface of the red planet, not extended ago, specialists found that in the far-away past, the red planet was not as Red as it is today. According to researchers, a huge primitive ocean enclosed one-fifth of the red planet’s outside. Mars was warm, wet and ideal for Alien life to expand. This ancient ocean on Mars was a mile deep I sure points of the planet holding over 2p million kilometers of water, extra than is present the Arctic Ocean.

We now know Mars was wet for a much longer time than we thought previous to,” said Mumma. NASA’s Curiosity rover has at their shown that Mars had standing water for 1.5 billion years, longer than it took for life to emerge on Earth. “Now we observe that Mars must have been wet for a age even longer,” Mumma added.